Hissar – Balkan SPA Destination for 2012
The city is situated on the southern slopes of Sredna gora, 360 meters above sea
height, 165 km from Sofia and 42 km from Plovdiv. The climate is transitional
continental, with mild and warm winters. Snow cover lasts on average 27 days
for a year. Spring is early and relatively warm, summer is characterized high temperature / July and August / low humidity and weak winds. Autumn is sunny and warm. The average annual temperature is 11.5 degrees.
The unique locality of 22 mineral springs, each with different content
and temperature, and the favorable microclimate are the main factors
for the settlement of this land since time immemorial. There was no
prehistoric settlement before V-IV century BC. Later, Thracian settlement
around mineral springs became part of Odryssae state. Around
the mineral springs were built healing and religious shrines (nympheums).
The city patronized the Roman rulers during the 3rd century, was converted into
administrative center and surrounded by a wall. They believed that this
time was called Augusta. From this period has been preserved Roman brick inscription,that talk about building a room in honor of the Roman Emperor Maximilian Gallery and Licinius-father. During the Gothic raids in the late 3rd century the town was burned and destroyed. Restoration in the late fourth century by Emperor Diocletian connects and receives his name -Diocletianopolis. He was the third largest in the province of Thrace
after Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and Beroe (Stara Zagora). Diocletianopolis was built according to all requirements of Roman urbanism - with wide, straight streets,decorated with scultures of Gods, marble bathrooms with beautiful palaces and villas of the Roman Aristocracy. To be protected from enemy attacks, the city was surrounded by wall, built by the hands of the Thracian masters. The wall currently is one of the best preserved monuments of this type not only in Bulgaria but also in the Balkans. The fortress was shaped almost regular quadrangle. Constructed by mixed masonry layers of 4 rows of bricks, has reached a height of 12 m. Today, most are well preserved west (located behind the hotel "C Comfort") and southern fortified gates. The second is one of the symbols of the city, as known as" The camils". This title is from the last century, when the door was broken and looked like two-humped camels standing against each other. In the city, located within the city wall along with preserved monuments, was declared an archaeological reserve in 1976. It includes: foundations of a large Roman villa amfitearar, excavations of Roman
baths, excavations of Late Roman public building - located in the Park "Lily
tear "(opposite hotel "C Comfort ").
In the 4th and 5th century Roman and Byzantine city Diocletianopolis becomes important Christian center - the seat of the bishop. At that time they were built 10 Early Christian churches.
After centuries of destruction ..
Recover in the second half of the 17th century on ruins of the ancient city small village was called Hisar. Hisar from Arabic means "fortress." After liberation in the 20th century Hissar develop and validate as a spa center. Honored guest of the city is the patriarch of the Bulgarian literature Ivan Vazov. Here he wrote many poems, including memorable "Fatherland polite", travelogues, and his novel "A New Earth". In "Under Yoke" has a whole chapter on Verigovo, Hisar district today. Here Vasil Levski creates many revolutionary committees and hides several months after injury. This event Vazov used in his novel by replacing the image of Levski with Boycho Ognyanov.
Inspired among the green and quiet of the city parks are also
Jordan Yovkov, Elisaveta Bagryana, Dora Gabe, Valery Petrov, Luben Dilov, Radoy Ralin and other ... House of Writers, was built for them..a place for the literature..